The nutritional status among the community-dwelling elderly with diabetes mellitus
Received:April 17, 2019  Revised:April 30, 2019
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Key words:the elderly; community-dwelling; diabetes mellitus; nutrition
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
WANG Qiu-Mei 北京协和医院 
LIU Xiao-Hong 中国医学科学院北京协和医院老年医学科 
孙晓红 中国医学科学院北京协和医院老年医学科 
朱鸣雷 中国医学科学院北京协和医院老年医学科 
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      Objective To explore the prevalence of malnutrition among the community-dwelling elderly with diabetes mellitus,and to compare the difference with those without diabetes mellitus. Methods A cross-sectional survey of the community-dwelling elderly people in Beijing was conducted through face-to-face interviews. A structured questionnaire was used, including the information on sociodemographic factors, chronic disease (assessed by the Cumulative Illness Rating Scale for Geriatrics, CIRS-G),and common geriatric syndromes . The nutritional status was assessed by Mini-Nutritional Assessment Short Form (MNA-SF). Results 820 elderly aged ranging from 65 to 97 years old(75.4±6.7)were included in the analysis. 47.1%(386)were male , and the majority were independent in daily living with 11.2% partially dependent . Among them, 170 ones had the diabetes mellitus. The prevalence of malnutrition and nutritional risk in the diabetic elderly were 5.9% and 48.2% respectively, and similar to those without diabetes(Pearson R=-0.010, P=0.768). The prevalence of overweight and obesity was higher among those diabetic elderly(2=10.243, P=0.037). Conclusion The prevalence of malnutrition was similar among the elderly with or without diabetes mellitus. Nearly half of the diabetic elderly had malnutrition risk, and they should get individualized nutritional recommendation and continuous monitoring.